French Muslims are predominantly left-leaning in their voting preferences, but there are exceptions. Here are three French Muslims of Arab descent, all of whom vote for Marine Le Pen of the far-right National Front party. Here are their testimonies:
Karima, policewoman: Many of my colleagues of Arab descent vote far right, but dont dare say so.
A 33-year-old naturalised French citizen of Moroccan origin, Karima is a mother of three, married to a Frenchman. She arrived in France 15 years ago, and has a diploma in Computer Science from a French university. Now she works as a policewoman in Paris and declined to provide her last name.
Karima says she started becoming interested in the ideas of Jean-Marie Le Pen, founder of the extreme-right National Front party, in 2002. These days, Karima says she regularly attends party meetings and votes for National Front candidates whenever she can.
My vote is an expression of my rejection of certain Muslim Arabs [in France], whom I personally consider thugs. Theyve destroyed French society. At least in the old days, they lived in the same suburbs, said Karima, referring to the largely immigrant, impoverished banlieues of major French metropolises. But for the last several years, the mayor of Paris, Bertrand Delanoe, has done everything in his power to house them in nice neighbourhoods like the 15th district, where I live.
She says she is generally furious at these French-born citizens of North African origin who show no consideration for their country. If the National Front ever gets a candidate elected to the presidency, she would like to see people who dont deserve their French nationality stripped of their citizenship.
According to Karima, many of her colleagues of Arab descent vote far right, but dont dare say so.
Farid Smahi, former National Front office employee: Im Arab, I celebrate Ramadan, and I vote Le Pen.
Farid Smahi, 59, is a Frenchman of Algerian descent, a father of three children, and graduate of a French university with a degree in French literature. He currently works for an association that offers aid to people in need in the Paris area. His father fought in the French army during World War II, before becoming an activist for Algerian independence.
You cant be both Algerian and French, Smahi noted. According to Smahi, most of the Arabs and Muslims who voted for Marine Le Pen in the first round of this years presidential election are those who arrived in France recently: doctors and engineers, for example, who had good jobs in their native countries, but decided to flee the repressive dictatorships of these countries.
These are people who suffered to become French, Smahi said. Unlike those others who were born here and continue to vote for the left, when they still dont understand that its the left that dumped them in the ghettos to begin with.
Smahi expressed his distaste for Arabs and Muslims who have not yet adopted the ways of their country of residence. Im Arab, I celebrate Ramadan, and I vote National Front. I dont like halal meat anymore. I cant stand women who wear the headscarf, and even less, women who wear the burqa. France is a beautiful country, he said. In France, we drink wine and we eat pork. My Muslim compatriots need to calm down, and stop imposing their religion on society. His bottom line: Were in France: love it or leave it.
Myriam, hotel maid: The day the National Front is in power, things will be different.
Myriam, aged 45, is a French woman of Tunisian origin who also declined to provide her last name. Married, with four children, she has lived in the Parisian suburb of Melun for the past 20 years. After dropping out of school because of family problems, she began working as a maid in a Parisian hotel.
Myriam does not have kind things to say about her black and Arab compatriots. In her view, they are the cause of all of Frances problems. If I could change my origins, Id do it with pleasure, she admitted.
The only concern of Blacks and Arabs is looking for a way to get around French law to profit from the social benefits offered here, and to make money without making any effort. Theyve ruined our reputation, she said. Its true that some of them struggle and work hard, but many others take advantage of the help offered by the government. The day the National Front is in power, things will be different.