China is being accused of ethnic discrimination towards the Muslim Uighurs in East Turkestan (China’s Xinjiang province) by placing a specially designed electronic chips in their passports.
BCF (h/t Susan K) When the e-passports of the Uyghur Turks are scanned through the sensors at control points, a loud alarm goes off. After the alarm goes off, security is alerted that the individual is an Uighur. The Uighur is then pulled over into a side room where he or she is searched once again.
Chinese officials said that although the different code in Uighur e-passports were accepted as “unofficial” measures, the command had come from the central administration.
The Real Reason reason behind China’s oppression of the Muslims of East Turkestan is their refusal to integrate and assimilate into Chinese culture.
During Mao’s Cultural Revolution of 1966-76, mosques were torn down, mass worship was banned, Qur’anic courses were shuttered, and the Chinese moving into the area harassed the Muslim population however they could. All available means of communication were marshaled in a concerted effort to turn people away from their religion. People were banned from learning about their faith, and religious leaders were prohibited from teaching about it. (Today, mosques are still tightly regulated by Chinese officials and imams must be approved by the government)
The Muslims of East Turkestan, known as the Uighurs, have lived under Chinese domination for about 250 years. The Chinese gave this Islamic territory the name “Xinjiang,” or “conquered land,” and called it their own. Following the 1949 takeover of China by the communists, the regime turned to the physical elimination of the Muslims, a group which refused to be assimilated.
Ever since 1949, the communist regime has set about eliminating the Muslim population, and has systematically moved Chinese immigrants into the region. The 1990 census, which reported a population of 40 percent Muslim to 53 percent Chinese, began to lay bare the full dimensions of ethnic cleansing in the region.
Currently, the Uighurs are being made to stay in the villages, and Chinese are being installed in the cities. Thus, some cities now have populations which are as much as 80 percent Chinese. The aim is to establish a Chinese majority in the cities.
The Chinese administration has also used the Muslims of East Turkestan in nuclear tests. These tests began on Oct. 16, 1964, and as a result, people in the region have developed deadly illnesses, and some 20,000 handicapped children have been born. The number of Muslims who have lost their lives as a result of the tests is known to be in the area of 210,000. Thousands of others contracted cancer or were left crippled.
Since 1996, tens of thousands of Uighur Turks have been held in camps where it is known that many of them are subjected to severe torture. As one international human rights organization detailed in an official report, suspects are tried in mass hearings and either sentenced to hard labor or executed by firing squads in public squares. Pregnant women are taken from their homes and forcibly sterilized under unhygienic conditions, and children born outside the government’s quotas are killed (same as is done to Chinese women).