Australians who travel to Syria or Iraq must prove upon return that they weren’t involved in terrorism in a dramatic change to counterterrorism laws. The reversal of the burden of proof will mean that anyone who has been to a declared zone must prove to a court that they were not involved with a terror group, rather than police having to prove they were.
Daily Telegraph (h/t Colin W) In a rewriting of the counterterrorism laws introduced by John Howard in 2005, the definition of terrorism will be fundamentally changed with new laws to give greater powers to police to arrest and detain people to prevent a terrorist act.
It is believed that following the first round of national security laws introduced two weeks ago to boost the powers of the spy agencies, Attorney-General George Brandis will take a second tranche of counterterrorism laws to cabinet next week. It will involve more than 30 changes to the commonwealth criminal code, the Crimes Act and Foreign Insurgents and Recruitment Act.
The most significant change will be a new provision to declare that any Australian who travels to a declared zone, such as Syria or Iraq, will be “presumed” to be involved in terrorism. While some Australians such as alleged terrorists Khaled Sharrouf and Mohamed Elomar have boasted of their terrorist acts, counterterrorism police and spy agencies are deeply concerned about the difficulty in gaining evidence against others who have hidden their activities overseas.
Sweeping changes will also be introduced to give police greater powers to lock up people believed to have links with terror groups or who were actively planning imminent attacks — within 14 days — on home soil under preventive detention provisions. It is believed the Act, which currently restricts police from arresting people unless they “believe on reasonable grounds” they are guilty of a terrorism-related offense, will be changed to “suspecting” they were involved.
It is also believed the definition of terrorism will be broadened to capture individuals or organizations who promote terrorism. The association provisions in current laws will be broadened to allow police to arrest people known to have links to organisations which promote terrorism or may be involved in planning terrorist acts.