The order, still in draft form and subject to change, calls for a detailed, year-long review of all U.S. funding to the U.N., and recommends an overall decrease in payments to the U.N. by “at least” 40%.
It also specifically calls for the end of any funding to an array of U.N.-affiliated organizations that meet a vague set of criteria, including any organization that includes the Palestinian Authority as a member, and any organization that supports or encourages abortions. The U.S. contributes the bulk of the funding for U.N. operations – around $8 billion per year.
VICE News The order is still in draft form, and officials warn it may be subject to change. But the order is in keeping with a series of executive orders being rolled out by the Trump administration this week, including new restrictions on immigration and refugee resettlement.
Few aspects of that funding are exempted from the order, but several elements of U.N. operations are singled out for more careful re-examination, including peacekeeping operations, the international criminal court, and any activity that is deemed to violate the sovereignty of the state of Israel.
The Trump administration is preparing executive orders that would clear the way to drastically reduce the United States’ role in the United Nations and other international organizations, as well as begin a process to review and potentially abrogate certain forms of multilateral treaties, officials said.
The first of the two draft orders, titled “Auditing and Reducing U.S. Funding of International Organizations” and obtained by The New York Times, calls for terminating funding for any United Nations agency or other international body that meets any one of several criteria.
Those criteria include organizations that give full membership to the Palestinian Authority or Palestine Liberation Organization, or support programs that fund abortion or any activity that circumvents sanctions against Iran or North Korea. The draft order also calls for terminating funding for any organization that “is controlled or substantially influenced by any state that sponsors terrorism” or is blamed for the persecution of marginalized groups or any other systematic violation of human rights.
The order calls for then enacting “at least a 40 percent overall decrease” in remaining United States funding toward international organizations.
If President Trump signs the order and its provisions are carried out, the cuts could severely curtail the work of United Nations agencies, which rely on billions of dollars in annual United States contributions for missions that include caring for refugees.
The second executive order, “Moratorium on New Multilateral Treaties,” calls for a review of all current and pending treaties with more than one other nation. For example, the Paris climate agreement or other environmental treaties deal with trade issues but could potentially fall under this order.
Taken together, the orders suggest that Mr. Trump intends to pursue his campaign promises of withdrawing the United States from international organizations. He has expressed heavy skepticism of multilateral