“…look to the Muslim woman as an indicating factor. By the way she wears her hijab. If the hijab is a solid color it indicates religiosity. If it’s a patterned scarf, with colors, it’s more likely that she is less religious.” – confirms Customs and Border Protection official
There has already been a 1035% Jump in religious (MUSLIM) profiling and interrogation cases at U.S. Ports of Entry.
CAIR Preliminary data reveals that cases of U.S. Customs and Boarder Protection (CBP) Muslim profiling accounted for 23 percent of all Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) case intakes in the first three months of 2017. This represents a 1035 percent increase in CBP typed cases in 2017 over the same period in 2016.
Of the 193 CBP cases recorded from January-March 2017, 181 were reported after the January 27 signing of the Executive Order “Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States,” also known as the Muslim Ban. These 181 post-Muslim ban cases exceeded the combined total of the 136 CPB cases that CAIR documented in the previous three years.
Under Obama, it was more like this:
This significant increase in CBP related incidents has occurred in the context of the Trump administration’s early efforts to convert anti-Islam campaign rhetoric into U.S. policy. CBP incidents have not been limited to travelers from countries targeted by the Muslim ban.
While the deluge of reported incidents is significant, the practice of unequal treatment of Muslims at U.S. ports of entry is not new. Recent revelations resulting from a 2013 CAIR lawsuit, which challenges invasive questioning at U.S. borders about religious practices, add further insight into faith-based profiling by federal officials.
Broader context: Converting anti-Islam campaign rhetoric into U.S. policy
The first 100 days of Donald Trump’s presidency witnessed initial efforts to translate his anti-Islam campaign rhetoric into official U.S. policy. These efforts included populating his administration with a number of officials who have a history of
problematic and misleading politically incorrect statements about Islam and Muslims.
Do this in an airport now and your ability to board the plane could be delayed.
It also included an evolving effort to fulfill his campaign promise of a ban on Muslim entry into the U.S. There were also reports of substantive movement toward an executive order directing the Secretary of State to determine whether to designate the Muslim Brotherhood a foreign terrorist organization, a witch hunt rooted in conspiracy theories peddled by the U.S. Islamophobia network and intended to eviscerate American Muslim civil society.
CBP’s invasive religious questioning not limited to Muslim travelers from Muslim ban countries but from all countries
While invasive questioning about an individual’s personal religiosity at U.S. ports of entry is not a new phenomenon, reports of the abusive practice have escalated under President Trump.
In January, CAIR chapters in Florida, California and New York filed complaints with the CBP, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) over reports of systematic questioning of American Muslim citizens about their religious and political views by CBP. These complaints have been acknowledged by the agencies but no conclusions have been issued.
In one high-profile incident, Muhammad Ali Jr., son of the iconic American boxer, reported that government officials, “asked me, where was I born and what my religion was, where did I get the name from.”
Citizens of staunch U.S. allies were also targeted. Canadian Fadwa Alaoui reported that border officials asked her, “‘Do you practice? Which mosque do you go to? What is the name of the imam? How often do you go to the mosque? What kind of discussions do you hear in the mosque? Does the imam talk to you directly?’” She was also asked about “her views on Trump.”
CAIR has documented a number of invasive questions asked of travelers including:
Are you a devout Muslim?
Are you Sunni or Shia?
What school of thought do you follow?
Which Muslim scholars do you follow?
Which current Muslim scholars do you listen to?
Do you pray five times a day?
Why do you have a prayer mat and Quran in your luggage?
Have you visited Saudi Arabia?
What do you think of the USA?
What are your views about jihad?
What mosque do you attend?
Do any individuals in your mosque have any extreme/radical views?
Does your Imam express extremist views?
What are the views of other Imams or other community members that give the Friday sermon at your mosque? Do they have extremist views?
Have you ever delivered the Friday prayer? What did you discuss with your community?
What are the names and telephone numbers of parents, relatives, and/or friends?