Right now, most refugees arriving in Bosnia and Herzegovina come from Pakistan, according to the Bosnian Security Minister Dragan Mektic. He says most of them have left their country for economic reasons, not because they are threatened.
And why are they not being sent to the oil-rich Arab Muslim Gulf States? I’ll tell you why: They don’t want these economic migrants and the potential terrorists who are always among them.
DW With the former “Balkan route” closed, more and more economic migrant wannabes are trying to make their way into the EU via Bosnia, where many end up stuck in a muddy tent city.
When it rains, the camp gets particularly bad: wet tents and mud everywhere. “This is not a refugee camp,” Kasim from Pakistan said. “It was good in Serbia. We had food and received clothing and good tents there. Here, we have nothing.”
The former “Balkan route” used to lead from Greece through Macedonia and Serbia to Croatia or Hungary. Since early 2018, however, there has been a new route. Because the Serbian border with EU countries is virtually impassable now, so-called “refugees” are trying to reach Croatia via Bosnia and Herzegovina instead. Most of the refugees from Pakistan are military-age young men.
Local politicians are particularly concerned that it’s hardly possible to establish the identity of the so-called “refugees,” as they often often have any documents or may provide false information during registration.
Infomigrants Under a new curfew imposed by authorities in the western Bosnia city of Bihac, residents of the Bira refugee shelter are picked up by the police and returned to their confines if they’re caught out between the hours of 10 p.m and 6 a.m.
Authorities in Bihac, a city of about 45,000 people, imposed the measure after months of demanding support from the central government of Bosnia-Herzegovina in Sarajevo.
“We can’t go to the supermarket,” said Tahir, a man from Pakistan. “We can’t buy anything to eat. We are not allowed to leave the camp, as if this were a prison — but we don’t want to be prisoners.” He added: “The situation is impossible.”
Other shelters around Bihac are also bursting at the seams. In total, the region offers accommodation for about 3,200 refugees, but more than 5,000 displaced people are currently waiting to move on to the European Union. One hundred to 150 people arrive every day, police estimate. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) runs most of the shelters — and does so poorly, Tahir said.
The Croatian police, intent on presenting themselves as the exemplary guards of the European Union’s external border, have increased their forces to patrol the border with Bosnia-Herzegovina. According to reports from various human rights organizations, displaced people detained by Croatian police are sent back without asylum procedures — in open disregard of existing EU regulations.
A group of young Pakistanis who have been repeatedly picked up by Croatian police while trying to cross the border said officers had even taken their mobile phones — but giving up is not an option: “We will try again.” As soon as it got dark, they planned to make their way through the woods. Some of the displaced people in Bira have tried more than 30 times.
“We’ve been on the road for a year and a half,” one told DW. Hoping to go to Italy, the group trekked to Bosnia-Herzegovina via Iran, Turkey, Greece, North Macedonia and Serbia, and, everywhere they went, they had water, food and a roof over their heads. “This is the worst so far,” one said. “We have to sleep out in the open air, and they bring water in tanks — like for cattle.”
Snapshots from the Border “The report sheds light on human rights violations against refugees and migrants along the Western Balkans route, focusing on Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia. It finds that widespread pushbacks and collective expulsions – often accompanied with violence – and routine denial of access to asylum are a regular occurrence on the border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.
They are also a part of the systemic and deliberate policy of the Croatian authorities to discourage future illegal alien entries and demonstrate that Croatia can effectively protect the EU’s external border. Similar trend of pushbacks and collective expulsions has been documented on the Slovenian and, to a lesser degree, Italian borders.”
This is what they are DEMANDING: