Summer is the “CUTTING (Female Genital Mutilation) SEASON” in Somalia when young girls are forced to have their clitoris snipped off usually by an old woman “cutter” who has no medical training.
Islamofacts During the summer holiday thousands of migrant families travel with their young daughters to their native countries to undergo female genital mutilation. As in most Muslim countries, FGM is legal in Somalia, which has the highest rate of female genital mutilation in the world. Over 90 percent of girls in Somalia are cut by traditional cutters, most of whom have no medical training.
Female genital mutilation or cutting means piercing, cutting, removing, or sewing closed all or part of a girl’s or woman’s external genitals for no medical reason. The cutting is often done with glass, razor blades, or knives. The tools may not be sterilized between cuttings. In type 3 FGM, the sewing may be done with thorns and without sterile thread.
Researchers estimate more than 513,000 girls and women in the U.S. have experienced or are at risk of FGM. Worldwide, as many as 140 million Muslim girls and women alive today have been cut.
FGM is often a part of the culture in countries where it is practiced, but has no health benefits and can cause long-term health problems. FGM is against the law in the U.S. (Yet is still performed in secret by Muslim cutters in America) and many other countries.
FGM can cause long-term problems with a girl’s or woman’s physical, mental, and sexual health. Long-term health problems include:
FGM can slow or strain the normal flow of urine, which can cause urinary tract infections. Urine can also get trapped behind the scar and crystallize, forming hard masses called bladder, or urinary, stones.
Infections, such as genital abscesses (sores filled with pus that must be drained) and infectious diseases such as hepatitis B, urinary tract infections, bacterial vaginosis, and HIV.
Problems having sex. Extra scar tissue from FGM/C (most common after type 2 or type 3) can cause pain, especially during sex. This can lead to a lack of interest in sex (which is the main reason for doing it in the first place).
Depression and anxiety. The effects of this painful experience are similar to those of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Painful and prolonged menstrual periods because they may not be able to pass all of their menstrual blood. This can cause pain and periods that are longer than normal.
Fistual can happen when the urethra is damaged during FGM/C. Fistula causes incontinence and other problems, including odors, and can cause girls and women to become social outcasts.